Scientific research is an essential component in guiding improvements in health systems and development of new initiatives. Sri Lanka is recognized internationally for its good health indicators.
Education in Sri Lanka has a long history that dates back two millennia. The Constitution of Sri Lanka provides for education as a fundamental right. Sri Lanka's population has a literacy rate of 98.1%, higher than that expected for a developing nation; it has the highest literacy rate in South Asia and overall, one of the highest literacy rates in Asia. Education plays a major part in the life and culture of the country and dates back to 543 BC. Sri Lanka's modern educational system was brought about by its integration into the British Empire in the 19th century. Education currently falls under the control of both the Central Government and the Provincial Councils, with some responsibilities lying with the Central Government and the Provincial Council having autonomy for others.There are 10,390 government schools.
R&D crucial for improving quality of life thro’ GDP growth, employment creation, poverty reduction, foreign exchange earnings. 1% increase in R&D leads to 0.3% increase in Sri Lanka’s GDP. Newly formulated R&D investment plan (2015-2020) is a path-breaking step to raise R&D for national development. There are many researches going on Sri Lanka. Most are based on universities, government organizations, Semi governmental organizations and nongovernmental organizations. In Sri Lanka Research are funded by many Sri Lankan and foreign institutions.